A'i'Z JuXlJC^ JTJ.1jr-A_iJLi-xJi-i A/J.J.-I-^'^. .«-..«.-. V-JtlAf.
whole surface of the world, with the exception of Australia and
Madagascar. The molar teeth are generally reduced to one in the
upper jaw, and sometimes to one in the lower jaw, which thus
gives "a sort of ^>rima facie resemblance to the feline dentition."
^There is no alisphenoid canal; postglenoid and condyloid fora-
mina are found.
Smb-Fam. 1. Melinae.—Of this sub-family there are repre-
sentatives both in the Old and New Worlds.
Meles, the Badger, is exclusively Falaearctic in range.1 Dr.
Mivart says that Meles has a relatively longer dorsal region than
any other Carnivore, and that it is most nearly approached by
FIG. 218.—Badger. Meles tamw. x &.
its allies Ictonyx and Oonepatus. The molar formula is, as ir
Afrctonym, Myda/u,st and Jfelictis, Pin -J- M -Jr. The molars diffe'
from, those of any other Carnivore in the much greater size o
the first molars than of the last premolars. The nose is no
grooved; the soles of the feet are naked. The claws of the fore
feet are much longer than those of the hind-feet.
The genus A.rctony& is a " pig-like badger " from Hindostan
Assam, and North China. The epithet " pig-like " is derived fron
the long and mobile snout, which is truncated and has termina
nostrils. It is remarkable for having a part of the palate forme<
"by the pterygoids, as in Whales and certain Edentata (e.g. Mi/rme
eopfaaga?). There are sixteen dorsal vertebrae. A. collaris lives ii
1 A.S a small point of likeness between tliis Mustelid and tlio Procyonidae ma
b® mentioned tlie colours of tne face. M» amafauma is particularly Raccoon-like.